Negotiations on a groundbreaking treaty to eliminate worldwide plastic pollution are progressing in Nairobi, Kenya

On Monday, a significant step was taken towards ending global plastic pollution as nations, petrochemical companies, environmentalists, and other stakeholders gathered in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, to discuss the draft language of a landmark treaty.

The meeting marks the third in a series of five meetings scheduled to complete negotiations by the end of next year.

Gustavo Adolfo Meza-Cuadra Velasquez, the chair of the negotiating committee, emphasized the urgency of addressing plastic pollution, stating that collective efforts are necessary to make a difference on the scale required.

The United Nations Environment Programme’s headquarters in Nairobi hosted the event, which underscores the gravity of the issue and the need for a coordinated approach to tackle it.

The meeting’s significance cannot be overstated, as it marks a crucial step towards ending the environmental scourge of plastic pollution.

Kenya’s President William Ruto has hailed the recent treaty as a significant step towards combatting plastic pollution, describing it as “the first domino” in a much-needed shift away from the widespread use and disposal of plastic.

However, the negotiations leading up to the treaty have been fraught with challenges, particularly concerning the delays in addressing the pressing issue of plastics.

During the latest round of talks in Paris, discussions came to a standstill for approximately two days due to the obstruction of certain countries.

The power dynamics and differing stances of various delegations have become increasingly evident throughout the negotiations, mirroring the complexities often seen in international climate talks.

Notably, the involvement of oil-producing countries and companies in the plastic industry has underscored their significant stake in the outcome of any potential treaty, given that plastic is primarily derived from crude oil and natural gas.

This overlap with the interests of oil stakeholders has further complicated the negotiations and highlighted the intricate web of factors at play in addressing the global plastic pollution crisis.

The recent meeting of global negotiators in Paris marked a significant step forward in addressing the pressing issue of plastic pollution.

The agreement to produce initial treaty text before reconvening in Nairobi demonstrates a strong commitment to finding a comprehensive and effective solution to this global problem.

The draft of the treaty, which was published in early September, represents a crucial milestone in the process of developing the first international, legally binding treaty on plastic pollution on land and at sea. The U.N.

Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Plastic Pollution has been entrusted with the important task of shaping this treaty, and its efforts are vital in ensuring that the treaty is robust and capable of making a real impact.

The international community must continue to work together diligently in order to finalize and implement this treaty, as it holds the potential to significantly reduce the harmful effects of plastic pollution on the environment and human health.

Kenya has emerged as a global leader in the fight against plastic pollution, demonstrating its commitment to environmental sustainability through a series of stringent measures.

In 2017, the country implemented a comprehensive ban on the production, sale, and use of single-use plastic bags, imposing heavy penalties, including fines and potential imprisonment, for those who violate the ban.

Building on this success, Kenya expanded its prohibition to encompass single-use plastic items such as cutlery, straws, and PET bottles in protected areas like parks, forests, and beaches.

Furthermore, Kenya’s pivotal role in environmental advocacy is underscored by its hosting of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) headquarters.

Notably, the country has achieved a remarkable milestone by generating over 70% of its electricity from renewable sources, setting a commendable example for other nations to follow.

In a concerted effort to combat the global plastic pollution crisis, Norway and Rwanda have spearheaded a “high ambition coalition” comprising governments dedicated to eradicating plastic pollution by 2040.

This coalition aims to achieve its ambitious goal by reducing plastic production and restricting the use of certain chemicals in plastic manufacturing.

In a recent joint statement, the two countries underscored the urgent need for a comprehensive and effective treaty to safeguard human health and the environment from the detrimental impacts of plastic pollution.

They expressed deep concern over the alarming surge in plastic production, plastic waste, and greenhouse gas emissions, warning that plastic production is projected to triple by 2060, according to UNEP’s findings.

The proactive stance taken by Kenya, Norway, and Rwanda, among others, serves as a beacon of hope in the global fight against plastic pollution, inspiring concerted action and collaboration among nations to safeguard the planet for future generations.

Saudi Arabia, a leading nation in the petroleum industry, has taken the initiative to form a coalition with other countries with similar interests, such as Iran, China, and Russia, to advocate for a treaty that focuses on waste control rather than the entire life cycle of plastics.

This decision has sparked concerns among environmentalists, who argue that the short-term interests of petrochemical companies should not take precedence over the health of the planet and the well-being of citizens.

Greenpeace’s global campaign lead, Graham Forbes, expressed disappointment in the prioritization of industry over environmental concerns, while Eirik Lindebjerg of the World Wildlife Fund criticized the attempt to turn the treaty into a loose voluntary agreement rather than a strong, binding treaty.

The United States’ delegation has suggested a compromise that includes meaningful universal obligations while allowing for some national discretion, acknowledging the differences between countries and the need for consensus among all parties involved.

The draft presented at the initial meetings encompasses a wide array of perspectives on the issue. Björn Beeler, who serves as the international coordinator for the International Pollutants Elimination Network, likened it to a comprehensive menu that people have yet to order from.

He noted that the negotiations have progressed beyond the management of plastic waste and are now delving into the regulation of plastic production and the toxic chemicals employed in the manufacturing process.

Beeler anticipates that the draft will undergo further expansion before it is refined into its final version, as delegates contribute additional ideas during the upcoming meetings in Nairobi and as countries solidify their stances on the matter.

IPEN is advocating for a treaty that tackles the environmental and health implications associated with the chemicals present in plastics throughout their lifecycle, from usage to recycling, disposal, and incineration.

The leaders of the global plastics industry have been vocal in their advocacy for the adoption of chemical or advanced recycling as a key solution to the plastic waste crisis.

They have expressed disappointment in the lack of emphasis on this process in the current draft, viewing it as essential to addressing the issue at hand.

However, environmental groups have pushed back against this approach, labeling it as a mere marketing tactic to divert attention from more tangible solutions, such as reducing the production and consumption of plastic.

In fact, Beyond Plastics and IPEN released a report in October highlighting the potential negative impacts of chemical recycling on the environment, climate, human health, and environmental justice.

This debate underscores the complexity of the plastic waste crisis and the need for a balanced and comprehensive approach to addressing it.

As stakeholders continue to engage in dialogue and debate, it is crucial to consider all perspectives and weigh the potential benefits and drawbacks of different strategies in order to chart a path forward that is both effective and sustainable.

Chemical recycling is a process that typically involves the use of heat or chemical solvents to break down plastics into a liquid and gas, which can then be used to produce an oil-like mixture or basic chemicals.

This mixture can then be transformed back into plastic pellets, which can be used to create new products. According to Chris Jahn, a spokesperson for the International Council of Chemical Associations, the draft regarding chemical recycling is a missed opportunity to focus on circularity, rather than on caps and bans that do not effectively address the issue of plastic becoming litter and pollution.

Jahn emphasized the importance of focusing on ending plastic pollution, rather than simply reducing plastic production. He also mentioned that efforts are being made to promote the inclusion of chemical recycling in the overall strategy to address plastic waste.

This highlights the need for a comprehensive approach to tackling the issue of plastic pollution, with a focus on sustainable and environmentally friendly solutions.

It is heartening to see the collaboration between nations, petrochemical companies, environmentalists, and others affected by this critical issue.

The urgency expressed by Gustavo Adolfo Meza-Cuadra Velasquez underscores the gravity of the situation and the need for collective action.

I appreciate Karen McKee’s perspective on the matter, particularly her emphasis on addressing valid concerns about plastic pollution while ensuring that society, including the developing world, benefits from plastic.

It is essential to strike a balance that not only mitigates the adverse effects of plastic pollution but also acknowledges the role of plastic in various aspects of modern life, especially in developing regions.

The focus on increasing circularity and redirecting plastic waste to recycling, as suggested by both Jahn and Karen McKee, is a crucial aspect that should be central to the treaty.

This approach aligns with the broader goal of creating a more sustainable and responsible plastic lifecycle.

I find it commendable that ExxonMobil is actively engaged in chemical recycling at its complex in Baytown, Texas, and has plans to expand this capability to many of its other manufacturing sites globally.

This commitment to embracing circularity and sustainable practices is a positive step towards addressing the plastic pollution crisis.

The fact that the negotiations have attracted over 2,000 participants underscores the significance and complexity of the issue at hand.

I look forward to the outcomes of these discussions and hope that the resulting treaty will be comprehensive, equitable, and impactful in addressing the global challenge of plastic pollution.

Thank you once again for sharing this insightful update, and I eagerly await further developments in this crucial endeavor.